Located in the northwest of the province of Cadiz, Arcos marks the natural access to the Sierra de Grazalema and the classic route of the White Villages. Bathed by the river Guadalete, and next to the Arcos reservoir, it belongs to the region of the same name, of which it is the head of the district. It is well connected by road to Jerez de la Frontera and the Bay of Cadiz.
Its climate is characterised by very mild temperatures for most of the year. The mountain breeze moderates the high temperatures that are common in the province of Cádiz during the summer months.
The high crag on which Arcos sits has been inhabited since ancient times, as evidenced by the finds of Palaeolithic axes and the numerous Roman and Arab remains found in the area around the town.
The legend of the town’s origin has been passed down to its coat of arms, which reads that Arcobrigan was founded by King Brigo, the grandson of Noah. Finally conquered from the Arabs in 1264 by Alfonso X the Wise, it became part of the chain of fortresses established as a Christian parapet against the Muslim razzias, adopting its second name “de la Frontera".
After an initial stately period, Arcos became the main centre of the possessions of Rodrigo Ponce de León, Marquis of Cádiz and first Duke of Arcos (1493). The town remained linked to this noble family until well into the 18th century.
Its status as a stately capital and the consequent cultural patronage exercised by the powerful Dukes of Arcos have allowed the city to treasure important artistic gems from all periods. In Arcos there is the exceptional circumstance that the Christian city preserves the pre-existing urban structure, without the usual demolitions and enlargements carried out in other towns.
Nowadays, in addition to the traditional agricultural and livestock farming, there has been an important development of tourism, with the precedent of being declared a Historic and Artistic Monumental Site in 1962.
Arcos de la Frontera1 is a Spanish municipality in the province of Cádiz, Andalusia. It is the most populated municipality in the Sierra de Cádiz region and also the largest. It is an important place for inland tourism and regional industry, and has a strategic position between the Jerez countryside and the Serranía. It also has a rich past, having been the capital of the Taifa of Arcos in the Muslim period and capital of the Duchy of Arcos from 1493.
In the 19th century, apart from the yellow fever epidemic and the passage of the French, which caused damage to the Castle and the Plaza, the most important event for the heritage of Arcos was the disentailment of Mendizábal. Religious buildings were transformed and rural ecclesiastical possessions were put up for sale, which slowed down the incipient industrial development, due to the transformation of the industrial promoters into landowners.
In the 20th century, the quality of life improved and the tourist sector developed, with the period 1950-70 seeing the greatest growth of the city. Until the beginning of the 1960s, a concentric ring of growth was formed. But it was from this decade onwards when new building typologies began to appear (blocks and detached, semi-detached and row houses) built on new layouts, which threatened both the original walled urban centre and the first growth area and the traditional farmhouse. In the 21st century it has become the entrance to the Route of the White Villages and a Historic-Artistic Site. Together with its magnificent scenery, it is a major tourist destination in the province of Cádiz, which is its main source of income
In 2008 it had 31,017 inhabitants. Its surface area is 528 km² and it has a population density of 55.7 inhabitants/km². Its geographical coordinates are 36º 45′ N, 5º 48′ W. It is located at an altitude of 185 metres and 67 kilometres from the provincial capital, Cádiz. It is located on a hill next to the river Guadalete.
It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Espera (Cádiz) and Bornos, to the northeast by the municipality of Villamartín, to the east by the municipalities of El Bosque and Prado del Rey, to the southeast by the municipalities of Benaocaz and Ubrique, to the south by the municipalities of Algar and San José del Valle and to the west by the municipality of Jerez de la Frontera.
Properties in Arcos de la Frontera
- 50 m²